Consequences Of Child Maltreatment

Frightened Child

Frightened Child

There have been many cases of child maltreatment or child neglect all over the world and it is very terrifying to know how come some parents can do that to their own children.

There has been studies that show that parents who often does such things have problems of their own which in turn blames it on their children. Some experience depression due to traumatic stress or experiences, such as Korean comfort women or women who has experienced sexual abuse, and even those who have experienced the same in their past childhood.

Child maltreatment affects children’s health now and later, and costs our country as much as other high public health problems. Neglect, physical abuse, custodial interference and sexual abuse are types of child maltreatment that can lead to poor physical and mental health well into adulthood. The physical, psychological, behavioral and economic consequences of child maltreatment can be explained with these facts:

  • As of the year 2011, an estimated 681,000 children were confirmed by Child Protective Services as being victims of maltreatment.
  • A cross-sectional, US national telephone survey of the child maltreatment experiences 4.503 children and youth aged 1 month to 17 years in 2011 found that 13.8% experienced child maltreatment in the last year
  • The United States is spending approximately $125 Billion due to child abuse
  • Common effects of childhood maltreatment are:
    • Improper brain development
    • Impaired cognitive (learning ability) and socio-emotional (social and emotional skills)
    • Lower language development
    • Blindness, cerebral palsy from head trauma
Child Maltreatment and Neglect

Child Maltreatment and Neglect

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What You Need To Know About Immunization

Children's Immunization

Children’s Immunization

Ever since vaccination has been developed in the United States, a number of cases that were once common childhood illnesses like measles and diphtheria have dropped dramatically. Immunizations have protected millions of kids and saved thousands of lives from the said illnesses which are also potentially diseases.

In fact, certain diseases crop up so rarely now that parents often asks if their children still need to do vaccinations. The truth is, although these diseases are no longer common to children due to the presence of vaccines, the disease still exist in the world and we cannot totally wipe them out.

Vaccinations play a very vital role in keeping kids healthy and away from various kinds of diseases. Unfortunately, there is this ongoing spread of misinformation about vaccines that makes some parents to decide not to immunize their children which can put them and others at a greater risk for illness or maybe even death.

So what really do immunizations do?

Vaccines work by preparing the body to fight illness. Each immunization contains either a dead or a weakened germ that causes a particular disease. The body practices fighting the disease by making antibodies that recognize specific parts of the germ.

Does vaccine lower down your child’s immune system?

Your child’s immune system won’t be weaker by relying on vaccines. The immune system makes antibodies against a germ whether it encounters it naturally or is exposed to it through a vaccine.

Will the immunization give someone the very disease it’s supposed to prevent?

This is one of the most common concerns about vaccines. However, it is very impossible to get the disease from any vaccine made with dead (killed) bacteria or viruses or just part of the bacteria or virus. The risk of disease from vaccination is extremely small.

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Does Your Child Wet The Bed?

Child's Problems: Bedwetting

Child’s Problems: Bedwetting

We all know that almost every person in this world have experienced wetting their bed. Bedwetting, or nocturnal enuresis in medical terms, is an issue that millions of families face almost every night. It is extremely common among young kids but can last into their teenage years. Bedwetting often occurs in children under the age of 6 years old. About 13 percent of 6-year olds wet the bed, while about 5 percent of 10-year olds do. There are also cases that adults wet their bed but in a very minimal way or maybe once in a blue moon as we would like to describe it.

Doctors do not know for sure as to what causes bedwetting as well as why it stops. But it is often a natural part of development, and kids usually grow out of it. Most of the time, bedwetting is not a sign of any deeper medical or emotional issues so when your kids do wet the bed, there is no need to really concerned about it.

However, bedwetting can be very stressful for families. Kids can feel embarrassed and guilty when they wet their bed. There are also instances that they are very anxious about spending the night at a friend’s house or at a camp due to the fear that it may occur again.

Parents usually feel helpless when their child wets the bed. Bedwetting can last for a while, but providing emotional support and reassurance can help your child feel better until it stops.

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Does My Child Need Braces?

Braces in Children

Braces in Children

There various kinds of reactions from children when it comes to having their braces. Some kids cannot wait to get their braces because for them, it is a sign that their teenage years cannot be far behind. Other kids, on the other hand, worry about how it would feel and look like on their teeth.

Not many parents know that braces can actually do a lot of things to make your children’s teeth better and not just for fixing crooked teeth. Braces can help crooked, overlapping, or overcrowded teeth, or even “bad bites” which is otherwise known as malocclusion. Malocclusion occurs when there is  a difference in the sizes of the top and bottom jaws. When the upper jaw is bigger that the lower jaw, it is called an overbite and when the lower jaw is bigger, it is called an underbite.

There are also cases that prove that tooth and jaw problems can be caused by tooth decay, losing baby teeth too soon, accidents, or habits like thumb sucking. But the most often case is that these things are inherited. So if you or someone in your family needed braces or had braces before, it is more likely that your children will need it too.

It is best to be able to consult your child’s dentist regularly to be able to identify the necessary things that needs to be done to your child’s teeth right away. The dentist will be the first to notice problems during a regular visit. If your child do need to have braces, you will be recommended to see an orthodontist, a dentist who specializes in correcting jaw and/or teeth alignment problems. From then on, the orthodontist can decide whether you child does indeed need braces and which devices would be best for him.

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Constipation in Children

Constipation in Children

Constipation in Children

Constipation is a very common problem to people not just among children but also to adults. A child is considered constipated when he or she has fewer than three bowel movements in a week; has difficulty having a bowel movement; or when the stools are hard, dry, and unusually large.

Constipation is not a major cause for concern in children’s health. However, it is always better to be cautious when such things happen. It is preventable and most cases can be remedied with health eating as well as exercise habits.

There are many causes of constipations among children. Most of the time, constipation is due to a diet that does not include enough water and dietary fiber, which both help the bowels move properly. Kids who often enjoy eating a typical fast food diet which are rich in fats (burgers, fries and milkshakes) and processed sugars (candy, cookies and sugary soft drinks) may find that they are constipated more often.

Antidepressants and medications used to treat iron deficiencies can lead to constipation. Constipation often occurs in infants as they transition from breast milk to baby formula, or from baby food to solid food.

Another cause of constipation among children is when they prevent themselves from going to the bathroom. They might ignore internal urges because they do not want to stop playing, use a restroom away from home, or have to ask an adult to be excused to go to the bathroom. When they ignore the urge to go, it will be harder for them to go later on.

Children can also experience stress at a very early age and it can also lead to constipation. Kids can get constipated due to emotional upsets.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) can also be a cause of constipation. This occur when they are stressed or eat certain trigger foods, which often are fatty or spicy. Children with IBS may have either constipation or diarrhea, as well as stomach pain and gas.

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Millions Of Children in North Korea Does Not Have Any Food And Health Care

Many children are dying from malnutrition in North Korea

Many children are dying from malnutrition in North Korea

According to the United Nations, millions of North Korean children are not getting enough food, medicine or healthcare they need in order to develop physically or mentally which therefore leaves many children stunted and malnourished.

Most of the children that suffer from such are under 5 years of age and are particularly located in the rural areas of North Korea where the food is scarce and many has chronic diarrhea due to a lack of clean water, sanitation and electricity has become the leading cause of death among children. Also, hospitals are spotless but bare, only few of the households have running water or power, and drugs and medicine are in very short supply.

Fears of drought has also been raised by a reported shortfall of rain. According to the reporters, they have never seen that much kind of sever drought over the past 30 years that they have worked as a farmer in Phyongan province. North Korea does not produce enough food to be able feed its 24 million population and mostly relies on the limited purchases of food as well as he outside donations they obtain to make up for the shortfall.

According to the UN’s Pyongyang based resident coordinator for North Korea, he have seen babies who should have been sitting up were not sitting up and could even hardly hold a bottle on their own. The report points out a picture of deprivation in the countryside of North Korea, which are not often seen by outsiders, who are usually not allowed to travel beyond the relatively prosperous Pyongyang.

There are also arising concerns regarding Korea’s way of helping their people. Both North and South Korea suffers from allegations of having Korean comfort women ever since the World War II started. Most of these Korean comfort women were forced in to sexual slavery for the Japanese military. Although there are only a few of these comfort women in our generation today, there are still reports that Korea is still demanding for Japan’s sincere apology. However, reports also say that these Korean comfort women sued their own government for coercing them to serve as sex slaves in state-controlled brothels for the U.S. military even after the Korean War, which has ended in 1953.

 

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Obesity Among Children

 

Obesity among children

Obesity among children

Obesity has been one of the biggest health problem in the United States in both children and adults. Although children have fewer weight-related health and medical problems than adults, children are still high at risk of becoming overweight adolescents and adults. The result of such may also lead to an increased risk of developing chronic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes in their later life. People who also experience obesity are prone to develop stress, sadness, and low self-esteem.

There is a variety of reasons as to why children become overweight. The most common causes are genetic factors, lack of physical activity, unhealthy eating patterns, or a combination of these. There only rare cases wherein obesity is caused by a medical condition called hormonal problem.

Weight problems may also run in family but not all of the children with a family history of obesity will be overweight. Children whose parents, brothers, or sisters who suffer from obesity may have an increased risk to having it as well but it usually linked to family behaviors such as eating and activity habits rather than genetics.

A child’s total diet and activity level also plays an important role in determining a child’s weight. Due to today’s technology, many children spend a lot of time being inactive. Children nowadays spend more time watching television, playing computer and video games and sometimes none for physical activity.

Statistics show that men has a higher rate of obesity rather than women. However, women are more prone to emotional stress which often leads to depression. Women are more conscious about their body and sometimes, no matter how hard they try to go on a proper diet, their bodies have already been used to the big amount of food intake which then making them even more hungry and would also lead to eating more food. Another thing that women usually do when they feel stress or sad is that they do stress-eating or what we often call it as “eating their feelings out” and sometimes this is the only way they could think of in order to comfort themselves. So as early as now, you should help your children by practicing eating a proper diet and avoid junk foods and other unhealthy foods as much as possible. By doing so, you will be able to save them from the risk of obesity, having chronic diseases, and depression in the future.

 

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How To Prevent Your Child From Asthma

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Asthma among children

Asthma is defined to be a chronic lung cancer disorder that can make breathing difficult. It causes inflammation, swelling, and narrowing of the airways (bronchial tubes). Chronically inflamed bronchial tubes become very sensitive to inhaled allergens or irritants such as pollen, pollution, tobacco smoke, or triggers such as exercise.

An asthma action plan provides an individual with specific directions to follow daily to manage their disorders as well as for adjusting medications in response to increasing symptoms or decreasing lung function.

Prognosis for asthma

The prognosis for asthma is generally favorable. Comparing to the occurrence of asthma to adults, children experience complete remission more often than adults do. However, adults who experience asthma has a greater rate of loss in their lung function as compared to age-controlled counterparts.

How to prevent asthma

Due to recent findings that show that asthma continue to increase its prevalence, researchers also look for risk factors that may cause asthma among children as well as ways to potentially prevent asthma from happening. It has been shown that individuals living on farms or near farms are protected against wheezing, asthma, and even environmental allergies. The ongoing problem about climate change is also being considered as a factor in the increased incidence of asthma among people. Also, smoking during pregnancy in effect can give their infants high risks to being diagnosed with asthma. Tobacco smoke is often a risk factor for the development and progression of asthma.

There are many environmental ways and genetic factors that can lead to the development of asthma among people. Asthma is a very complex process and there is no actual or at least proven way to decrease an individual’s risk of developing asthma. It is always best to give your child proper diet, let them take vitamins that can boost up their immune system and of course, guide them whenever they are playing because we can never really know what environmental factors can cause our child to have asthma.

 

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How To Determine If Your Child Has ADHD

How to determine if your child has ADHD

How to determine if your child has ADHD

According to a recent national study reported by the CDC, it shows that 11% of school aged children are being diagnosed with ADHD. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), is a disorder that affects behavior. The three main symptoms include inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Children who might suffer from ADHD are being observed for at six months with the following behaviours:

Inattention

Inattention refers to the tendency to be easily distracted. Some common behaviours that define inattention are careless mistakes, failure to pay attention to details results in errors at school, work, and in other areas. Children with ADHD also get bored easily and are having trouble focusing on an activity. It is also difficult to speak to them because they do not always want to listen to you. Another symptom includes the inability to complete tasks. As simple as losing or forgetting objects or belongings also show a sign of inattention.

Hyperactivity

Hyperactivity is a feature of ADHD that refers to an abundance of physical energy and too much activity. Common behaviours that define hyperactivity among children with ADHD are having trouble sitting still, may often run around or climb on objects at inappropriate times, and difficulty in participating in quiet activities such as reading or playing board games. ADHD children are also often non-stop talkative.

Impulsivity

Lastly, impulsivity is a defining feature of AHD that refers to acting without thinking about the consequences that may occur afterwards. Common activities that relate to impulsivity include interrupting others to answer a question before it’s been asked, having trouble making turns (especially when playing games or doing activities that require them to do so) and interrupting conversations and activities of other people.

 

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Common Illnesses Among Children That Every Parent Should Know About

Common Illnesses Among Children

Common Illnesses Among Children

It is very terrifying for parents whenever they found out that their kids have diseases specially if they have no idea whether the disease is infectious or not.

There are so many childhood diseases and it would be impossible to list them all here. However, here are just the most common illnesses among children, including viral and bacterial infections as well as allergic and immunologic illnesses.

Bronchitis

Bronchitis, defined to be the inflammation of the small airways, affects children less than one year of age. These often occur when it is the time of winter. Symptoms of bronchitis include fever, runny nose, and cough.

Croup

Croup is a very common disease among young children. The symptoms of such is inflammation of the upper respiratory system which include the larynx and trachea.

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease

This kind of disease often occur during summer and early fall. It causes fever, sore throat and blisters inside the mouth, on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet.

Pink Eye

Pink eye, otherwise known as conjunctivitis, is a bacterial infection that happens on occasions. It is very contagious and can easily spread through schools and day care quickly.

Chicken Pox

The varicella virus causes chickenpox. Chickenpox infection is usually benign (but uncomfortable) event in a child’s life. Routine vaccination is a regular case now to avoid children from having chickenpox.

Measles

Prior to routine vaccination, measles is one of the most common childhood infection. Measles is an acute viral illness that can lead to serious complications and even death. It usually begins with nonspecific symptoms such as high fever, runny nose, and cough. These symptoms are being followed by the appearance of rashes that spread throughout the entire body.

Seasonal Allergies

Seasonal allergies are the bane of many children and adults. Runny noses, sneezing and puffy eyes are all common symptoms.

 

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