When To Give Glasses To Your Child

Children With Glasses

A child’s vision is a key to his or her development and it is very crucial for parents to make sure that their child doesn’t have any difficulties with his or her eyes. Simple eye tests can easily identify vision problems even at a very young age. One of the probable suggestions to children with vision problems is corrective glasses.

Aside from the regular check-ups at the doctor’s office, you should also consider having your child’s vision tested even for once every year.

Between eye exams, it is also a good idea if you will be able to identify the signs of potential vision problems among you child to be able to prevent it to worsen. Among the common signs and symptoms of vision problems among children or those who simply needed glasses are:

  • Rubbing of the eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Difficulty in focusing or following objects with their eyes
  • Misalignment or abnormal movement of the eyes
  • Red or teary eyes
  • A white pupil
  • Difficulty in seeing objects from afar
  • Squinting
  • Difficulty in reading
  • Needing to sit very close to the television

Once you see this signs and symptoms in your kids, you should call your child’s doctor right away or better that you go directly to an eye specialist. Vision problems which are not treated right away may lead to serious eye problems. Also, vision problems among children may lead issues to learning and social adjustment.

Eye-care specialists often recommend the use of glasses when he sees refractive errors among the eyes of the patient. These refractive errors occur when the eyes does not bend light properly. The three common types of such are:

  • Nearsightedness: difficulty in seeing things from a distance
  • Farsightedness: difficulty in seeing things up close (often happen to adults)
  • Astigmatism: abnormal curvature of the surface of the eye that causes blurred vision

For children who does not like wearing glasses, one way of convincing them to do so is to let them choose their own frames. As for infants and toddlers who already have vision problems, a plastic strap is usually attached to the glasses to avoid losing it. Also, it is better to give them frames which are very durable enough for an active child.

 

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Puberty Among Young Girls

Puberty

Puberty, confusing enough as it is to experience as a preteen or a teenager, may begin as early as elementary school. All children experience puberty, however, young girls are the ones who are greatly affected by it.

Puberty among young girls involves growing and gaining weight, breast development, development of body hair, acne and of course, menstruation.

According to a recent study, American girls now begin puberty at an earlier age compared to their mothers. Menstruation cycles are now being experienced by young girls at an early age of 9 or 10 years old.

Though, puberty is not harmful nor a physical illness to children, early stages of development may cause fear and nervousness among young girls if not educated properly. Girls in the age of 9 or 10 are only starting to learn about their body as well as to understand why it changes. At this stage, it can be a difficult physiological adjustment for young girls to go through the stage of puberty if they are not ready yet.

Starting puberty early, otherwise known as early onset puberty, is rather different than precocious puberty. Precocious puberty is a medical condition caused by an abnormality in the brain’s hormone-secreting pituitary gland. This kind of puberty usually has other medical issues like a tumor on their pituitary gland or infections like meningitis. Precocious puberty often happens to girls younger than 7 and boy younger than 9.

There is still no definite cause as to why children today are starting puberty early. However, hormones in the milk are often blamed because it is quite impossible for outside forces to be a cause.

 

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Guidelines in Child Proofing

Child Proofing Your Home

Crawling and baby’s first steps are very much thrilling for parents, but they also add new child safety challenges. As babies start to grow, they will also begin to explore the fascinating and novel environment that is present in their homes. Of course, these kind of behaviors often come along with the possibility of children being hurt. Parents cannot always be near their children 24/7 so there are inexpensive child safety precautions to make your job easier and simpler such as childproofing.

Effective childproofing doesn’t always have to mean that you need to buy expensive devices or replacing items in your home with plastic “kid-safe” versions. Child safety simply means that you are preventing your children from harm. The top three child safety hazards are:

  • Small objects or toys can be swallowed
  • Sharp objects can poke and pierce the skin
  • Fragile objects can break, turning into sharp and small pieces

An effective way of childproofing is understanding how your child thinks as well as the need to explore the environment they walk around in to help create a safe environment. Another way of childproofing is looking at the world from your child’s point of view. Try getting down low and look around – analyze the surroundings as well as the things that easily caught your attention. Remember to always check for things under the furniture or in between couches. Another thing that you should always remember is to make sure that your house is clean and free from factors that may cause diseases such as dust mites.

 

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Car Safety Guidelines For Kids

Child’s Car Safety

We all know that prevention is always better than cure, but still, many people do not practice them, especially in following the guidelines of car safety for their children. According to recent studies, common studies that include care safety among children include lack of proper constraints and youngsters sitting in the front seat before they are ready.

During the year 2011, the American Academy of Pediatrics issued new guidelines on child passenger safety. Some of the guidelines they managed to develop are:

  1. Children should not be seated in rear-facing car seats until they have reached the age of 2 years.
  2. Children should always use forward-facing car seats with a five-point harness until they reach the maximum height and weight requirements recommended by the seat’s manufacturer.
  3. Children should continue to use booster seat until they are about 57 inches tall and an adult seat belt that fits them properly. Children under the age of 13 years should be seated in the back seat of the vehicle.

As for the new study being conducted, the investigators examined information on nearly 21,500 children from the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Survey on the Use of Booster Seats. They observed drivers with child passengers as they drove into gas stations, fast food restaurants, recreation centers and child care facilities. The data collectors recorded the different kinds of restraints being used by the children as well as that of the adult’s.

Based on what they have observed, children were less likely to observe proper car safety guidelines as they get older. Some examples include the use of booster seats and the proper age bracket that are allowed to seat in the front seat.

Based on the researchers, their conclusions demonstrate that not all children have been reached equally by community-based public education campaigns and the passage of child safety laws. They also stated that further development and dissemination of culturally specific programs that have demonstrated success in promoting restraint use among minority children are necessary.

 

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Children Born from War Crimes: The Lai Dai Han

That innocent children must pay for the crimes of their parents is one of the saddest realities today. Because their stories haven’t been told enough, we wanted to share information on the Lai Dai Han, or children born to women brutally raped and impregnated in Vietnam during the War.

The term specifically refers to the children of Korean soldiers, who were in Vietnam fighting for the U.N. at the time. The Korean military of that period were known as the most brutal of all, and their abuse and rape- and sometimes murder- of the Vietnamese women is told in the stories shared by these comfort women.

The problem with foreign military stationed in one’s country, of course, is that it’s often temporary, especially during wartime; the Vietnam prostitutes and sex slaves and their children were abandoned, left to raise their half-Korean children on their own. The children were the Lai Dai Han (or Lai Daihan), a scornful term which literally means “mixed blood”.

Born in poverty and often shunned by society, the Lai Dai Han are a sore topic for both the Vietnamese and the Koreans, who view them as embarrassments on either side.

ROK Soldiers

In January of this year, Vietnam asked Korea to cancel the Vietnam War celebrations:

The negative view towards South Korea’s engagement in the Vietnam War is not because of the damage caused by defoliants or serving as mercenaries. Some soldiers committed cruel acts like civilian massacres, rape and abandoning Lai Dai Han, and the miliary leaders who condoned such acts for strategic reasons remain unrepentant. It’s tragic that a country that was liberated from Japanese colonial rule sent its troops to interfere with another country’s independence war.

It is estimated that there are anywhere from five thousand to thirty thousand Lai Dai Han in Vietnam today. Let us not forget their stories.

Issues on Baby Bottles, Pacifiers and Sippy Cups

Baby Bottles, Pacifiers and Sippy Cups

Of course, parents always want the best for their child and what’s better to describe it as maintaining their child free from harm.

Parents prevent their children from injuries by taking good care of them and making sure that they are under their observation whenever they are playing, or doing anything else. Little do they know that even the simplest things and activities which they cannot imagine to hurt their child can be one of the most common harms that children experience.

For babies who are just starting to move around, walking or running while toting a bottle, a pacifier or a Sippy cup might be a dangerous pursuit.

According to a nationwide survey in the United States, researchers have found out that there are more than 45,000 visits to the emergency room between the years 1991 and 2010 in children under the age of three and all are caused by injuries related to using these products.

Among these children that have been surveyed, most of the children, aged 1 to 2 years, were injured by the presence of a bottle in their mouth who then fell and cut their mouth. Other injuries also include simple incidents such as biting their lips.

According to a researcher at the Nationwide Children’s Hospital, a lot of parents baby-proof their house but does not ever think about the possibility of an injury related to these products. Parents often look at things beyond their sight and therefore not being able to see those which are already in front of them.

One of the suggestions that the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend is for parents to help their children in the transition of using a bottle to a cup at an age of 12 to 15 months to avoid problems such as tooth decay. They also recommend weaning babies off of their pacifiers at 6 to 12 months of age.

 

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Questions To Ask In Searching For The Right Pediatrician

Choosing the Right Pediatrician For Your Child

As soon as you become a parent, one of the first decisions you have to make is choosing the right pediatrician for your baby. Your child’s pediatrician plays a very big role in your child’s life. Your pediatrician will be your main source of information, support and medical care for you and your child over the coming years.

Before choosing someone to be your child’s pediatrician, one of the main factors to consider aside from his knowledge over the matter is if you will be able to trust him and be comfortable with him. You want or even need someone who has a warm personality to be so that your child won’t find it difficult to consult his pediatrician from time to time, someone who is responsive, reassuring and who can advise you on everything from general health and development to tricky behavioral issues.

In searching for the proper pediatrician for your child, start by asking your friends, colleagues, neighbors and your own practitioners for recommendations. It is better if they have had first hand experiences with the doctors they recommend to be able to make sure that they are good in their profession and best in handling your child’s health.

Here are just some of the questions to ask to have an overview of what kind of doctor do you think he is. to know how well he handles his profession as well as other questions that will help you ease your worries about your child as well as financial.

  • Do you accept insurances?
  • Which hospital are you affiliated with?
  • Background of his medical career (How long have you been a doctor or in this practice?)
  • What are your specialties?
  • Philosophy on children’s health related topics such as breastfeeding, immunization, toilet training, etc.
  • Do you offer early, late or weekend appointments?
  • Do you offer call-in hours, or does your office field calls at any time? How will I be able to reach you?
  • How do you handle emergency calls?
  • Will you always be the one to handle my baby’s check-ups or will another doctor in the group or a nurse practitioner do so?

It is always better to gather information about your doctor ahead of time before immediately choosing someone as your child’s pediatrician. Also take note that this is you child’s baby at risk and that you should do everything you can in order to offer your child the best health medication he needs.

 

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Breast Feeding

Breastfeeding

We all know that there are many nutritional advantages that an infant can get from breastfeeding, but what many people do not know is that there are still disadvantages to it and may sometimes be caused by the mother itself.

One of the main advantages of breastfeeding is that the milk coming from the mother are full of amino acids (building blocks of proteins) that are suitable and well balanced for the human baby and so does the sugars and fats. Also, breast milk contains vitamins, enzymes, and minerals that can help in an infant’s intestinal tract. Babies who are breastfed are more likely to have reduced risks in many acute and chronic infections in their early life due to the presence of infection fighting antibodies found in them. Cholesterol found in formula milks are also relatively low compared to breast milks. Cholesterol is good for an infant because it promotes brain growth and provides the building blocks of hormones, vitamin D and intestinal bile. And of course, breast milk is also the least expensive way to feeding an infant. However, not all infants are capable of drinking the milk coming from their mothers which is why she must maintain good nutrition and continue taking vitamins/mineral supplements that her doctor recommend.

One disadvantage to breastfeeding is if there’s inadequate supply of breast milk or an inefficient suck reflex in the baby. However, it is very unusual for a mother to not produce enough milk for her baby unless she is doing something incorrectly or she does not breastfeed frequently enough. Another disadvantage in breastfeeding is the risk of the infant developing an allergy to her mother’s milk. He or she may have symptoms including irritability, crying after feedings, nausea, diarrhea, or skin rashes.

 

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Treating Head Lice Infestation (Pediculosis)

Treating Head Lice Infestations

Head lice are very common nowadays, especially in children. Children tend to be the ones who are infected with head lice because they are the ones who are usually active and does most of the contact with other people that may be infected. Personal contact is common during play, school, or sports activities, when in school, home, slumber parties or camps which is often the cause of getting head lice among children. Other causes of getting pediculosis includes wearing infested clothing, using infested combs, brushes or towels, and being in contact with something that has recently been used by a person with lice.

Head lice cause a tickling feeling of something moving in the hair, itching and even sores on the head. People who are infected should seek immediate medication and their respective homes should be treated as well.

There are over-the-counter or prescription medications that can be used to treat the affected individuals. However, just because you have the proper medication you need does not mean that you will be completely safe and free from head lice once the treatment is over. There are still certain procedures to follow to avoid experiencing it again.

  1. Remove all clothing.
  2. Apply the lice medicine as how it is instructed in its label. Keep in mind that the amount of lice medicine varies with the length of hair of the individual being treated. Also, shampoo or conditioner should not be used before applying the lice medicine. Maintain hair this way after treatment and re wash hair after one to two days after treatment.
  3. Put on clothing but make sure that it’s clean.
  4. If there are still signs of live lice in the infested person’s hair after eight t 12 hours of treatment but are already moving slowly, then just comb the dead and remaining live lice out of the hair. If the medicine did not work and the lice still seem to be as active as before, ask your health-care professional for a different medication and follow their recommended treatment options.
  5. After the first treatment, check, comb, and remove nits and lice from the hair every two to three days.
  6. Retreat in seven to ten days.
  7. Always make sure that you still keep on checking the person infested as well as others who have had contact with him or her with head lice.

 

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Realistic Ways to Beat Childhood Obesity

Childhood obesity has turned into a tragic epidemic spreading across the globe, from East to West. Sadly, this problem, which is actually avoidable for most often goes unaddressed, thus resulting in various undesirable complications like diabetes and very poor body image for the affected kids.

If you wish to help your child avoid the problem of obesity, or want to help yours shed all the unhealthy extra pounds, perhaps then one of the best people to inspire your efforts would be children who are constantly hungry due to a disorder called Prader Willi Syndrome. In the past having PWS meant that obesity was inevitable, but now, with families on the watch and the kids themselves doing their part to beat this disease, you will find plenty of inspiring individuals who are still able to maintain a healthy weight and keep their bodies fit.

So what can we learn from them? What are the things that they do, and anyone can realistically adopt, to beat childhood obesity?

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