Posted by Kitch
One of the most common childhood illness experienced all over the world is croup. It is a condition that causes a child’s larynx and trachea to inflame. The larynx is the voice box while the trachea is the windpipe. This is caused by different viruses called human parainfluenza or respiratory syncytial virus or adenovirus.
What are the signs and symptoms?
- heavy cough
- rough noise when breathing
- heavy breathing
- course voice
- runny nose
Symptoms are actually worse at night and can wake a child up from sleep.
Treatment for croup
- breathing moist air helps with the breathing.
- dress in warmer clothing
- drink a lot of water
- avoid places where people smoke
- if symptoms get worse, go and see a doctor
- low dose of ibuprofen will help
The illness can last as long as seven days. It peaks on the 2nd to 3rd day. It is very seldom that a child suffering from croup will have complications.
Posted by Kitch
Majority of people has probably never heard of this disease, Kawasaki syndrome is a rare childhood disease with no definite known cause. It was discovered by a doctor in Japan named Tomisaku Kawasaki in the 1960s. This illness strikes a lot in Japan compared to any other countries in the world. In the United States, around 4,000 children five years old and below are hospitalized for this disease.
- redness in the eyes
- sore throat
- rash on the genitals, stomach and chest
- chapped lips
- swollen lymph glands
- persistent fever that lasts for 5 days
- swollen palm
- feet with unusual purplish color
After the first phase when the fever begins and subsides, there will be peeling on both hands and feet. This disease, though rare, can be a serious case because it can cause the vessels of the heart to get inflamed which can then cause to a damaged heart. Kawasaki is treated with high doses of drugs prescribed by doctor.
Most Common Childhood Diseases
Posted by Kitch
If you are a new parent, it is likely that you get a mini heart attack every time your baby or child gets sick. To make you feel better, a child getting sick is one of the most common things in the world. Like for example, chicken pox. If you notice that your child is feeling extra itchy, getting red spots everywhere, and has fever then chances are, your child has chicken pox.
This is common occurrence during a child’s first decade. To reduce the uncomfortable itching, go to the doctor and they will likely prescribe anti-histamine or calamine lotion. For fever, a normal paracetamol will work. The trick here is to avoid scratching because it will lead to scarring. This can last for a good 10 days, if the fever doesn’t stop after 10 days, go get your kid checked by a doctor.
Chicken pox is highly contagious during the first week but if you’ve had it before then there’s no need to worry.
Cavities On Children
Posted by Kitch
In a study that was recently done, more than half of the children (third grade) have cavities/tooth decay. This has a lot to do with children not being educated on how to properly care for their teeth. Though it is already a given that brushing your teeth should be done regularly, beyond that; the children know nothing more. Another reason for this large percentage of children are suffering from it is also the food that they eat. If there is no control over sweet food like candies, chocolates, gummy bears, soda, etc, that kids are really in to are not good for the teeth.
55 percent of Minnesota third-graders surveyed in 2010 had cavities and this rate will only be higher if people do not take the issue seriously. Good thing the Minnesota Department of Health has now produced an oral health plan and it is all about improving the oral health of children.
Posted by Kitch
A normal kid would have chicken pox which is a highly infectious illness, when you get it as a child, it is normally the mildest. Once you’ve had it, you’re not gonna catch it again because your body will now be immune because your body would have produced anti bodies. It usually starts skin rashes mainly on the body and head. It will become itchy and raw pockmarks would appear. It will not leave any marks/scars unless it is overly scratched. A child with chicken pox would also have fever and headache. In some cases, sore throat would also occur and even profuse sweating. Do not worry, this is normal and it goes away within 10 days.
This disease is transmitted from person to person but vaccination would do the trick. There is no real cure for this disease but resting and always being hydrated. If in case the fever doesn’t go away after 10 days, it is advisable to see a doctor and ask for help.
Posted by Kitch
Scarlet fever is an infectious disease most common to children ages 4-8. It is a rash that comes along with sore throat and high fever. The main symptom for scarlet fever is the rash that starts on the chest and abdomen and will eventually spread all over the body. It would normally look like sunburn and it will be itchy. This fever may last for about five days, the rashes will eventually fade after a week or so.
Sore throat, rash, high fever, red tongue (strawberry shade)
When the child is completely uncomfortable, it is best to go and see a doctor who would be able to explain what to do and the proper care. Antibiotics would do the trick. It would kill the bacteria that causes the throat infection. It should be taken for the days that the child is feeling pain in the throat. If the child is 3 years or below, it is advisable to get treatment from professionals.
Posted by Alex
Whooping cough, or pertussis, can be a very serious disease when children under a year old are infected. An effective vaccine, however, makes it quite rare. Whooping cough is caused by a bacteria called bordetella pertussis and is a very contagious infection – if one child in the family gets it, chances are the other children will get infected if they have not been vaccinated or if they did not have the disease previously. The first symptom of the disease is a cold and mild cough, which gets worse until no air is left in the lungs. The child will eventually cough up phlegm and may be followed by vomiting.
Most cases of whooping cough are not serious enough to require a specific treatment, though infants and children with asthma will need monitoring that is usually done in a hospital. Antibiotics are sometimes used during the early days of the disease. It is highly recommended that you get your child vaccinated against whooping cough as this is a very distressful condition for the child and parent alike.
Common Child Dieseases
Posted by Kitch
When you are a new parent, it is very normal to easily panic whenever your child gets sick. What you need to understand is that sick days are part of being a kid. So don’t go crazy when your child coughs, or have a tiny rash or have stomach pains. It’s all part of growing up. Here are some common illness your infant/child might have.
2. Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease- no this is not the same as foot and mouth disease. It’s when a child gets fever plus sores inside the mouth and on the palms, soles of the feet and blisters. The virus lasts for at least 10 days.
3. Scarlet Fever – an infection with a bacterium called group A streptococcus, very high fever and sore throat.
Kids Hungry Due to Prader Willi Syndrome
Posted by Hannah
Childhood obesity has been getting considerable attention as it ushers in a new epidemic of gigantic proportions – type 2 diabetes. Sadly, more often than not, childhood obesity is something that is preventable but isn’t because of the unhealthy lifestyles passed on by the parents to the kids.
While the lifestyle choices that lead to childhood obesity is a topic worth discussing again and again, an oft overlooked reason for childhood obesity that most people do not realize exists is also worth putting to light – Prader Willi Syndrome or PWS.
PWS is a genetic disorder wherein a deletion in the chromosome 15 of a person results in endless problems starting with low muscle tone and failure to thrive as a baby. As the child grows, the second stage arrives and ushers in another signature problem called hyperphagia or the inability to feel full. While most of us overeat due to lack of discipline, kids with PWS do so because they really do feel hungry most (if not all) of the time.
This leads to complications such as obesity, which may be still be prevented with strict dieting and exercise. PWS also has numerous complications like below average mental capacity, developmental delays, low metabolism, and so many more.
Researchers are working on finding better management plans for the disorder, and maybe someday, even a cure. However, there aren’t enough funds or researchers to do the job, especially since the field of genetics requires high academic credentials if you want to find a job as a researcher.
If you wish to find out more about PWS and how you can help, you can visit the Foundation for Prader Willi Research.
Image via FPWR.org
Posted by Kurt Wilde
Osteochondroses is a common group of orthopedic disorders among children. When a child has this condition, the epiphysis or the growing end of the bone dies and gets replaced over a period of time, which results in bone deformity and abnormal growth. The cause of the bone death is usually a loss of blood supply, but it is unclear why this happens.
The most common form of osteochondrosis affects the top of the thighbone and typically occurs among boys aged 3 to 13. The primary system is persistent pain in the thigh area. If not corrected immediately, it could lead to deformity and arthritis in the hip joint. A rarer form of osteochondroses is Kohler’s bone disease, which is an inflammation of the cartilage connecting the small bones of the foot (the navicular bone). This usually affects boys between 3 to 5 years old.